Assessment of Nurses knowledge toward prevention of Complications related Valvular Replacement Surgery at Surgical Department in AL-Nasiriyah Heart Center
Objectives: The study aims to assess the nurses knowledge toward prevention of complications related to valvular replacement surgery and to find out the relationship between nurses knowledge and their demographic and occupational characteristic's Which as (Age, gender, level of education ,years of experience in Surgical Department , and training sessions)
Methodology: A descriptive design (a cross-sectional study ) was carried out from December 2017 to May 2018 in order to assess nurses' knowledge of preventing complications Valvular Replacement Surgery at Surgical Department in Nasiriyah Heart Center on a purposive (non-probability) sample was used in this study that composed of (70) nurses of the morning and night shifts. Data were collected by using the technique of self-report questionnaire which designed and constructed by the researchers from previous related studies and consisted of two Part one included ' socio-demographic characteristics for the nurses, Part two : knowledge items related to anatomy , physiology heart valve , heart valve replacement and complication heart valve replacement. and nursing care . The validity of the questionnaire was determined by presenting the questionnaire to (13) specialized experts. The reliability of the internal consistency was achieved by applying the alpha correlation Coefficient (r=0.85) which was statistically acceptable. The data were analyzed by applying descriptive and inferential statistics .
Results: The results showed that most of the participants in the research of nurses at age group (20-29) years, and the study revealed that the nurses have a moderate knowledge towards the prevention of complications of valve replacement surgery by significant level among all items of the scale. The study concluded that most nurses did not have sufficient experience in work in the surgical department and most of them did not train well .
Recommendations: The study recommended spreading awareness among nurses regarding the prevention of complications of valves replacement surgery through instructional sessions and continuing education lectures to increase awareness of nurse's in ways of preventing complications of heart valve replacement.